The word pollarding is coined out of the word “to poll”, suggesting “to have the hair scraped from the head”. Not up until recently, pollarding is not considered a modern-day method yet it’s exercised worldwide in different urban locations. Basically, this typical method was used majorly for either silage to feed farm animals or, for wood. For loggers who additionally rear farm animals, they exercise pollarding by pruning trees and woody plants to obtain animals feed.
➢ What Is Tree Pollarding?
➢ How Does Pollarding Work?
➢ The Very Best Time to Pollard a Tree
➢ Benefts Of pollarding
What Is Tree Pollarding?
Tree pollarding is a trimming method typically carried out on trees and shrubs to manage and keep them shorter than they would certainly have grown naturally. It is commonly exercised in woodland areas to urge lateral branches by cutting off secondary limbs a few meters over ground level. Likewise, the method is often made use of to restrict tree dimension and height specifically in areas where tall trees can obstruct frameworks, nearby facilities, or control other trees.
The pruning strategy can only be performed on young trees, and trees which have been pollarded earlier. If done on old or fully grown trees, the large injury left might lead to extreme damages, leading to decay or death instead, young trees ought to be used. A pollarded tree is usually described as “a pollard”. A tree that is permitted to grow naturally without being cut as a pollard is described as” a maiden tree”. It is essential to understand that the strategy is not applicable to all tree types.
How Does Pollarding Work?
Keep an eye on the young trees you mean to pollard, when you observe that they have expanded to a desired level or height, you can currently go ahead and pollard. However, ensure you have a structure.
- Select branches for the framework: Three to five branches would be chosen to create your intending framework.
- Get rid of remaining branches: All the remaining branches must be eliminated, cut down totally.
- Trim the chosen branches: Trim the branches creating the framework right into the length and shape that you like.
- Repeat trimming: Apart from the preliminary cut back, the pollarded tree will need to be trimmed yearly to maintain canopy shape.
- Maintenance: Yearly upkeep would be carried out in order to preserve the shape of the pollarded tree. Trim branches precisely over previous pollarding cuts. Leaf cover may be called for in some situations, no worries at all, simply reduced sideways or much better still you can retain the branches.
Instead of new branches to grow from within the tree, they bud swiftly from beneath the bark and thus are weakly affixed to the trunk. But the union becomes strengthened as the woods set yearly growth rings and the base comes to be thicker where the shoot and the trunk meet.
The Very Best Time to Pollard a Tree.
Timing is a significant aspect for a successful pollard. Recognizing that not all trees or shrub can be pollarded, there is a demand to recognize the specific time of the year when pruning can take place.
The best time to pollard most trees and shrubs is during the inactive winter month. Plants tend to be dormant in late winter and early spring, having their leaves weathered and fallen. There are couple of leaves on the tree and thus, you can access all parts of the tree while pruning and as well see the shape you are producing. Nevertheless, there is an exception to this rule and that is why you need the help of a professional. The following tips would certainly also help:.
- Summer season can be a positive time to pollard Acer varieties, like maple. Spring is a bad time due to the fact that its sap bleeds when trimmed in spring, and can be messy.
- Also, prevent pruning in autumn as the plant can be vulnerable to pest and fungi infection which may trigger a tree to degenerate when fungis get into surgery injury.
Usefulness Of pollarding.
This trimming method is used for many factors, the significant ones include;.
- To avoid a tree and shrub from growing out of bound in an environment (on a building, in the yard, on the street, and the likes).
- Shades cast by a tree is reduced.
- Keep trees from obstructing infrastructures such as power line and street light.
- Control tree development on city streets and parks, majorly not to restrain traffic flow.
- The traditional usefulness is to reduce branches or stems to feed farm animals and as well, burned as fuel.
Basically, pollard trees tend to live longer than maiden trees because from their tender phase they have been cared for and as well, kept. Their growth rate is slower compared to a maiden tree, having growth rings that show up narrow shortly after cutting.
Collection of issues may appear after which a tree may have been pollarded. A few of the problems are:.
- Trees that have weak woods are prone to establish several shoots which can be unsafe in the future.
- Branches that are weakly-attached can tear off and usually fall to the ground.
- Branches of tree species such as oak and beech can become really heavy and at some point break away when subjected to wind stress. This happens primarily when pollarding lapses for a number of decades.
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