Trees like every living organism are prone to ill health. Tree conditions could be due to pests, fungal infections, harsh weather problems, anthropogenic factors to name a few. In metropolitan settings, tree conditions prevail as a result of human activities. Trees in cities have a reduced lifespan than those found in natural environments and also woodlands. The contrast in the life-span of trees in urban areas is because of human activities and ecological variables.

Stressed as well as weak trees are even more vulnerable to secondary attacks from insects, parasites, and conditions.

Trees in urban areas are prone to–.

– Inadequate room for proper root growth.

– Compact soil as a result of traffic on the soil around the tree.

– Nutrients insufficiency as a result of removing fallen leaves that would rot and offer nutrients back to the soil.

– Damages from lawnmowers.

– Over trimming.

Early discovery of tree problems and timely treatment can significantly raise the lifespan of trees.

Tree problems can be due to environmental elements, disease, poor tree treatment service, as well as human elements.

Ecological factors.

Tree problems as a result of the atmosphere and also harsh weather include–.

Drought.

Water is very vital for trees to grow. Drought can result in stunted tree growth and ultimately result in tree fatality. The results of droughts are not always instant. Signs may not appear for as long as a year after the tree has been affected. Indicators of drought consist of-.

  • Yellowing, wilting, and drooping of leaves.
  • The untimely dropping of leaves or needle.
  • Canopy thinning.
  • Leaves necrosis.
  • Deep as well as pronounced fractures in barks.
  • Tree death.

The effect of drought can be minimized by–.

– Cultivation of drought-resistant species in areas prone to drought.

– Regular watering. New trees require deep watering every week until their roots are developed. It takes about two years for tree roots to be fully developed. Mature trees need weekly watering during dry summer season and towards the end of autumn.

– Mulching. Mulching is the application of materials ideally organic to conserve, sustain, or preserve the moisture in the soil.

– Pruning of fractured, damaged, or dead tree branches. Pruning defends against pest infestation and infections of damaged parts. When disease branches are pruned, it stops the spread to other parts of the tree and surrounding plants. Not more than 25% of the total tree mass ought to be trimmed at once. For safe trimming and if you believe greater than 25% of the tree needs to be pruned call a licensed arborist.

Winter burn.

Winter burn mostly impacts evergreens and results in the color change. Winter burn is due to freezing temperatures, wind, and dry soil.

The impact of winter can be minimized by–.

– Deeply watering your tree every week from the end of autumn all through to early winter before the soil freezes.

– Mulching of root zone area to retain wetness.

Fungal infections.

Tree problems could also result from fungal tree conditions. Stressed trees with openings and cracked barks are a lot more vulnerable to fungal infections. Fungal infection is best controlled when discovered early as prevalent infection typically brings about tree removal. A fungal infection could be internal or external.

Internal fungal infection.

Mushroom growth on trees points to tree degeneration. Do not apply herbicides as these would only speed up tree death.

Solution.

– Trim and get rid of affected foliage, limbs, and branches.

– Ensure your tree is appropriately trimmed when healthy as a poorly trimmed tree is even more vulnerable to fungal diseases and insect infestations.

 

External fungal diseases.

External fungal diseases are mainly spread by wind, insects, as well as birds. They include leaf rust, leaf spot, powdery mildew, and many others.

Remedy.

– Prune contaminated tree parts.

– Fungicides should be applied to the contaminated, area, as well as surrounding plants to stop the spread of the disease.

Not much can be done to treat fungal diseases. It is essential to involve an arborist to increase the chances of survival and also for a correct therapy.

Other common tree conditions consist of–.

1) Leaning tree.

Trees that naturally lean over time are not a reason for concern, trees that lean all of a sudden are. Trees lean due to light, wind, or soil composition. Leaning trees could be an indication of structural problems and might be dangerous. A leaning tree becomes an issue if-.

– It’s abrupt. When an upright tree abruptly begins to lean call an arborist.

– The leaning worsens or changes.

– The tree begins leaning after a storm.

– There are cracked soil around the tree.

– The tree is close to utility lines.

– The tree is leaning in the direction of a building or along a walkway.

 

Remedy.

– Pruning of young trees can prevent the leaning of trees.

– Cabling. This ought to be done by a qualified arborist.

 

2) Exposed tree roots.

Exposed roots are easily noticed but often not seen as harmful. Exposed roots are trip hazards, make mowing difficult, and are also harmful to the trees themselves. When roots are revealed, they are heated by the sunlight, trampled by foot, can be cut by lawnmowers, and have difficulty in maintaining moisture. Roots became revealed as a result of erosion or inadequate space. When running water erodes off the surface area of the soil, roots slowly come to be revealed. Also, when the roots do not have sufficient room to grow as a result of utilities or structures, they might begin growing closer to the surface.

Solution.

– Mulching.

– Call a qualified arborist for a long-term solution. The best approach is dependent on the cause of root exposure.

 

3) Compact soil.

The soil bordering a tree holds the roots that draw water for the tree. If this area is compacted, the root suffocates and die. The tree becomes weakened and could ultimately die. In metropolitan areas, the soil is more compact due to foot traffic and construction. Indications of the compact soil are stunted development, presence of secondary invaders such as conditions and insects, barren land under the tree cover, and a general decline in tree health.

Trees compromised because of soil compaction have a higher risk of falling after a storm as their roots can not firmly anchor them to the ground.

Remedy.

– Compact soil can be fixed by aeration.

– To prevent soil compaction, do not park vehicles under trees. Don’t store hefty equipment under trees. Reduce traffic under tree cover.

 

4) Insect infestation.

Insects could impact leaves as well as barks or might bore right into the tree. Insects that impact leaves and barks are a lot more easily controlled than boring insects.

Remedy.

– For insect problem on leaves and also barks, apply insecticides or to infected areas.

– For boring insects, prune off affected branches. Do not use insecticides.

– Call an arborist for analysis and to identify the most effective treatment plan.

 

5) Inappropriate trimming and trimming.

When trimming and trimming it is very vital to avoid leaving stubs as they are susceptible to insect infestation and conditions. Don’t make use of unclean or rusted pruning shears as they can transfer fungal infections.

If a young tree is not properly trimmed, it might develop week branch unions that might split apart when fully grown.

Solution.

– Prune young trees correctly.

– Prune branches at the collar. Do not leave stubs.

– Ensure you trim as well as trim properly.

The majority of tree issues can be avoided by correct tree care and using a qualified tree arborist. Immediately you discover any kind of tree irregularity, call a professional arborist.